Advised on Sale of Company

Energy & Utilities

Castleton Commodoties Luxembourg Holdings Sarl

Global energy commodities merchant and infrastructure asset investor Luxembourg

Acquired Majority Control of Business Operations

S4 Energy B.V.

Development of renewable energy storage technologies Netherlands

IMAP Advised energy storage systems specialist S4 Energy on Sale to CCI

Castleton Commodities International ("CCI") acquired a majority stake in S4 Energy BV ("S4 Energy"), a company that develops, owns and operates large-scale energy storage systems.


Based in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, S4 Energy builds hybrid storage systems by combining grid-scale lithium-ion batteries together with the company's proprietary KINEXT flywheel technology. S4 Energy has an operating portfolio of 25MW in the Netherlands and a project pipeline across various stages of development and construction. The company targets building more than 300MW of long-duration storage assets over the next 3 years throughout Western Europe.

Experts who worked on the transaction